Lyudmila A. Khrisanfova
Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis
Irina A. Sibiryakova
Lobachevsky Nizhny Novgorod University
Psychological characteristics and features of the motivational sphere of representatives of various professional orientations
Khrisanfova L.A., Sibiryakova I.A. Psychological characteristics and features of the motivational sphere of representatives of various professional orientations. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2020, vol. 26, №1, pp. 72–76 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-1-72-76
DOI: 10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-1-72-76
УДК: 159.9
Publish date: 2020-01-23
Annotation: The article is devoted to the analysis of psychological characteristics, features of the motivational sphere and the interconnections between them among students of various professional orientations. What is used includes colour metaphor method, the Big Five Personality Test. Subjects include – 107 mathematicians and 55 athletes. The universal leading motive for self-determination, characteristic of youth, is identified. Gender and occupational differences in the hierarchy of motives and in the relationships between motives and personality characteristics are found. Young athletes, unlike mathematicians, are more practical. Female athletes are more extroverted than female mathematicians. Extroversion is associated with motives that involve active interaction with other people. Introversion involves targeting significant people. Motivation to avoid failure is characteristic of ones disciplined, not prone to showing affection, characteristic of passive subjects. Motivation to succeed with dedication and awareness of their responsibilities is characteristic of subjects with developed self-control, with emotional social connections, is related to the shaping influence of the family and the mother.
Keywords: psychological characteristics, leading motives, blocking of motives, professional orientation
Funding and acknowledgments: This work was carried out as part of the RFBR № 18-013-00828 “Individual psychological predictors of the detection of emotional objects in microintervals of time”
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Author's info: Lyudmila A. Khrisanfova, ORCID 0000-0001-6697-7939, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Chair of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: l.hri@mail.ru
Co-author's info: Irina A. Sibiryakova, ORCID 0000-0003-2265-6193, senior teacher of the Department of Social Sciences of Lobachevsky Nizhny Novgorod State University, Russia. E-mail: irishaansi@yandex.ru