Anastasia V. Makarcheva
Kazan (Volga) Federal University
Situational Factors of Mental States Questionnaire
Makarcheva A.V. Questionnaire ‟Situational Factors of Mental States”. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2023, vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 37-47. https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2023-29-3-37-47
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2023-29-4-37-47
УДК: 159.93
Publish date: 2021-09-12
Annotation: This article describes the process of creating diagnostic tools aimed at assessing the degree of influence of internal and external factors, as well as key parameters included in them, on the change in a person's mental state. The main stages of the questionnaire creation and modification are described in detail. The main psychometric indicators of the questionnaire are given: results of convergent and constructive validity, assessment of the internal consistency of the questionnaire and reliability. 520 respondents took part in the testing of the questionnaire, mainly students, whose average age was 23 years. At the first stage of the questionnaire, the sample was 105 people, at the second  137, at the third stage  278. The psychometric properties of the questionnaire ‟Situational factors of mental states” make it possible to use it to assess the degree of influence of internal and external factors, key parameters included in them, on the change in the current mental state of a person. The practical guilt lies in the fact that on the basis of the conducted phenomenological research, the author’s questionnaire “Situational factors of medical conditions” was developed, which can complement the objective picture of the study of a person’s biological conditions, his personality characteristics, as well as the level of various factors of the human condition on changes in condition. The results indicate that this questionnaire is a convenient psychodiagnostic tool, does not require long time to fill out, process and has the necessary psychometric characteristics.
Keywords: mental state, internal factor, external factor, vital activity situation, validity, reliability.
Literature list: Bodrov V.A. Psikhologicheskii stress: razvitie i preodolenie [Psychological Stress: Developing and Overcoming]. Moscow, PERSE Publ., 2006, 350 p. (In Russ.) Karpinskii K.V., Kolyshko A.M. Sovremennye metoly psikhologicheskoi diagnostiki [Modern Metoles of Psychological Diagnosis]. Grodno, GrGU Publ., 2022, 398 p. (In Russ.) Kulikov L.V. Psikhologiia nastroeniia [Mood psychology]. Sankt-Peterburg, S.-Peterburgskii universitet Publ, 1997, 228 p. (In Russ.) Nasledov A.D. SPSS: Komp'iuternyi analiz dannykh v psikhologii i sotsial'nykh naukakh [SPSS: Computer analysis of data in psychology and social sciences]. Sankt-Peterburg, Piter Publ., 2007, 416 p. (In Russ.) Prokhorov A.O. Metodiki diagnostiki i izmereniia psikhicheskikh sostoianii lichnosti [Methods for diagnosing and measuring mental states of personality]. Moscow, PER SE Publ., 2004, 176 p. (In Russ.) Prokhorov A.O. Obraz psikhicheskogo sostoianiia [Mental state image]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2016, 245 p. (In Russ.) Prokhorov A.O. Psikhologiia neravnovesnykh sostoianii [Psychology of non-equilibrium states]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 1998, 152 p. (In Russ.) Prokhorov A.O. Refleksivnyi sloĭ psikhicheskogo sostoianiia [Reflexive layer of mental state]. Mir psikhologii, 2006, No. 2, pp. 38-48. (In Russ.) Prokhorov A.O. Smysl i psikhicheskoe sostoianie: fenomenologiia i zakonomernosti vzaimootnoshenii [Meaning and mental state: phenomenology and patterns of relationships]. Psikhologiia psikhicheskikh sostoianii: sb. st. [Psychology of mental states: collection. Art. / ed. prof. A.O. Prokhorova], ed. by prof. A.O. Prokhorov. Kazan', Kazanskii gosudarstvennyi universitet im. V.I. Ul'ianova-Lenina Publ., 2006, vol. 6, pp. 8-22. (In Russ.) Prokhorov A.O. Smyslovaia reguliatsiia psikhicheskikh sostoianii [Sense regulation of mental states]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2009, 352 p. Prokhorov A.O., Makarcheva A.V. Oprosnik “Faktory psikhicheskikh sostoianiĭˮ [Mental Health Factors Questionnaire]. Psikhologiia psikhicheskikh sostoianiĭ: sbornik materialov XVI Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. dlia studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov, molodykh uchenykh i prepodavatelei vuzov. Kazan', Kazanskii universitet Publ, 2022, vol. 16, pp. 266-272. (In Russ.) Prokhorov A.O., Chernov A.V. Refleksivnaia reguliatsiia psikhicheskikh sostoianii [Reflexive regulation of mental states]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2019, 191 p. (In Russ.) Psikhologiia sostoianii: ucheb. posobie [Psychology of states. Tutorial], A.O. Prokhorov, M.E. Valiullina, G.Sh. Gabdreeva et al.; ed. by A.O. Prokhorov. Moscow, Kogito-tsentr Publ, 2011, 624 p. (In Russ.) Genevieve Beaulieu-Pelletier, Marc-Andre Bouchard, Frederick L Philippe. Mental States Task (MST): Development, Validation, and Correlates of a Self-Report Measure of Mentalization. Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 69, No. 7, 2013. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234032173_Mental_States_Task_MST_Development_Validation_and_Correlates_of_a_Self-Report_Measure_of_Mentalization (access date: 03.06.2023).
Author's info: Anastasia V. Makarcheva, Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan, Russia, fdrv_anastasia@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0009-0003-1221-6992