Tat'yana V. Kapustina
Pacific State medical university
Anastasiya S. Elzesser
Pacific State medical university
Ruslan V. Kadyrov
Pacific State medical university
Anastasiya N. Matiozova
Pacific State medical university
The effectiveness of a short-term program of psychological correction of propensity for extremism
Kapustina T.V., Elzesser A.S., Kadyrov R.V., Matiozova A.N. The effectiveness of a short-term program of psychological correction of extremist authorities. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics., 2023, vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 66-72. ISSN 2073-1426. https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2023-29-4-66-72
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2023-29-4-66-72
УДК: 159.9:316.6
Publish date: 2023-11-21
Annotation: The article is devoted to approbation and determination of the effectiveness of a short-term program for psycho-correction of propensity to extremism. Prevention is an integral element of maintaining health, including mental health, in this case, the prevention of extremism is no exception. Since the personality of an extremist, according to a large number of studies, is characterized by multidirectionality, and extremism itself is not amenable to psychodiagnostics, the authors of this article gave a definition of the propensity to extremism through the prism of socio-psychological maladjustment, identified its criteria, and developed an express method for assessing the level of severity of propensity to extremism, which has been tested, standardized and validated. Based on this, the authors also developed a short-term program for the psychological correction of propensity for extremism. The sample of this study consisted of 411 students of 1-4 courses of various specialties of the Pacific State medical university, 30 of whom took part in the psychological correction program, because they had a tendency to extremism or a pronounced inclination. To assess the effectiveness of the program before its beginning and at the end, the following were used: Screening method, The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Ch.D. Spielberger adapted by Yu.L. Khanin, Beck Depression Inventory, Subjective evaluation of interpersonal relations by S.V. Dukhnovsky. The results obtained showed that the passage of the psycho-correction program helps to reduce the aggressive-defensive position, the weakening of psycho-emotional stress, forms a more positive attitude towards oneself and one's life, as well as other people, and, most importantly, reduces the level of severity of propensity to extremism.
Keywords: propensity for extremism, extremist tendencies, psychological correction, correction program, correction efficiency.
Funding and acknowledgments: The work was carried out with the financial support of the RFBR and EISI within the framework of the scientific project No. 21-011-32151.
Literature list: Bozhovich L.I. Problemy formirovaniya lichnosti [Problems of personality formation]. Moscow, Institut prakticheskoi psikhologii Publ., 1997, 352 p. (In Russ.) Elzesser A.S., Kapustina T.V., Kadyrov R.V. [et al.] Profilaktika kolumbaina: v poiske gruppy riska [Columbine prevention: in search for a risk group]. Sovremennaya nauka: aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki. Ser.: Poznanie [Modern science: current problems of theory and practice], 2022, vol. 9, pp. 85-90. https://doi.org/10.37882/2500-3682.2022.09.21 (In Russ.) Elzesser A.S., Kadyrov R.V., Markelova E.V. Effektivnost' kratkosrochnoi psikhoterapii depressivnykh i trevozhnykh rasstroistv [Effectiveness of short-term psychotherapy of depressive and anxiety disorders]. Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of Kemerovo State University], 2018, vol. 2, pp. 122-130. (In Russ.) El'konin D.B. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie trudy [Selected psychological works]. Moscow, Pedagogika Publ., 1989, 560 p. (In Russ.) Gritsina O.P., Trankovskaya L.V., Semaniv E.V. [et al.] Faktory, formiruyushchie zdorov'e sovremennykh detei i podrostkov [Factors forming the health of modern children and adolescents]. Tikhookeanskii meditsinskii zhurnal [Pacific Medical Journal], 2020, vol. 3, pp. 19-24. https://doi.org/10.34215/1609-1175-2020-3-19-24 (In Russ.) Kadyrov R.V., Elzesser A.S., Kapustina T.V. Kratkosrochnaya programma psikhologicheskoi korrektsii studentov, imeyushchikh sklonnost' k ekstremizmu [Short-term program of psychological correction for students with a tendency towards extremism]. Ul'yanovsk, Zebra Publ., 2022, 52 p. (In Russ.) Kapustina T.V. Razrabotka i aprobatsiya skrining-metoda dlya diagnostiki sklonnosti k ekstremizmu [Development and testing of a screening method for diagnosing propensity for extremism]. Psikholog [Psychologist], 2022, vol. 1, pp. 29-52. https://doi.org/10.25136/2409-8701.2022.1.37293 (In Russ.) Mamaichuk I.I. Psikhokorrektsionnye tekhnologii dlya detei s problemami v razvitii [Psychocorrectional technologies for children with developmental problems]. Moscow, Yurait Publ., 2020, 318 p. (In Russ.) Meshcheryakova E.I., Larionova A.V. Determinatsiya molodezhnogo ekstremizma kak destruktivnogo sposoba samorealizatsii [Determination of youth extremism as a destructive way of self-realization]. Molodezhnyi ekstremizm: integrirovannyi podkhod s pozitsii gumanitarnykh nauk [Youth extremism: an integrated approach from the perspective of the humanities]. Tomsk, Izdatel'stvo TGU Publ., 2019, 164 p. (In Russ.) Ryaguzova E.V. Razryv svyazei v reprezentatsiyakh vzaimodeistviya “Ya - Drugoiˮ: determinanty i predposylki (na primere ekstremistskikh grupp) [Breaking connections in the representations of “I - Strangerˮ interaction: Determinants and prerequisites (the case study of extremist groups)]. Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta [Izvestiya of Saratov University], 2021, vol. 3, pp. 220-228. https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2021-10-3-220-228 (In Russ.) Bhui K., Otis M., Silva M.J. [et al.] Extremism and common mental illness: cross-sectional community survey of White British and Pakistani men and women living in England. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 2020, No. 4. С. 547-554. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2019.14 Harpviken A.N. Psychological Vulnerabilities and Extremism Among Western Youth: A Literature Review. Adolescent Research Review, 2020, No. 5, pp. 1-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40894-019-00108-y Keene J.R., Shoenberger H., Berke C.K. [et al.]. The biological roots of political extremism. Politics and the Life Sciences, 2017, No. 2, pp. 37-48. https://doi.org/10.1017/pls.2017.16 Kunst J.R, Obaidi M. Understanding violent extremism in the 21st century: the (re)emerging role of relative deprivation. Current Opinion in Psychology, 2020, No. 35, pp. 55-59. Nivette A., Eisner M., Ribeaud D. Developmental Predictors of Violent Extremist Attitudes: A Test of General Strain Theory. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2017, vol. 54, No. 6, pp. 755-790. Pisou D., Zick A., Srowig F. [et al.] Factors of Individual Radicalization into Extremism, Violence and Terror - the German Contribution in a Context. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 2020, No. 2, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.4119/ijcv-3803 Trip S., Bora C.H., Marian M. [et al.] Psychological Mechanisms Involved in Radicalization and Extremism. A Rational Emotive Behavioral Conceptualization. Frontiers in Psychology, 2019, vol. 10, pp. 437. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00437
Author's info: Tat'yana V. Kapustina, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Pacific State medical university, Vladivostok, Russia, 12_archetypesplus@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9833-8963
Co-author's info: Anastasiya S. Elzesser, Pacific State medical university, Vladivostok, Russia, der_falter@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3833-0502
Co-author's info: Ruslan V. Kadyrov, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, assistant professor, Pacific State medical university, Vladivostok, Russia, rusl-kad@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-3778-5548
Co-author's info: Anastasiya N. Matiozova, Pacific State medical university, Vladivostok, Russia, shaomass@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0009-0006-6453-2817