Irina A. Smirnova
Kostroma State University
Marina A. Skvortsova
Kostroma State University
Theoretical approaches to the formation of educational independence in children of primary school age in a modern educational organization
Smirnova I.A., Skvortsova M.A. Theoretical approaches to the formation of educational independence in children of primary school age in a modern educational organization. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2023, vol. 29, № 2, pp. 101-108. https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2023-29-2-101-108
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2023-29-2-101-108
УДК: 373
Publish date: 2023-04-25
Annotation: The article is devoted to the actual problem of the formation of educational independence in children of primary school age at the first stage of general education. The paper reveals theoretical and methodological approaches to the concept of “educational independenceˮ, presents the essential characteristics of the formation of the process of educational independence in the scientific psychological and pedagogical literature: the tasks, features and stages of the organization of this process in younger schoolchildren are identified, the levels of formation of educational independence and criteria for their evaluation are formulated. The authors analyzed the domestic experience of the formation of educational independence of children of primary school age. Based on the analysis of programs for the formation of educational independence in the initial level of a general education organization, the authors characterize the most effective forms, methods and techniques of the teacher's work on the organization of the studied process. The article concludes that it is necessary to allocate a set of structural components of the educational activity management system of primary school students, which orient them to the manifestation of educational independence.
Keywords: independence, educational independence, formation of educational independence, children of primary school age, levels of formation of educational independence, stages of organization of educational independence.
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Author's info: Irina A. Smirnova, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, irinaipp21@rambler.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4309-5981
Co-author's info: Marina A. Skvortsova, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, dobrutmarina@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6693-6130