Tat’yana V. Beskrovnaya
Voronezh State Pedagogical University
Marina V. Shakurova
Voronezh State Pedagogical University
Transformation of the family image as a subject of upbringing in Soviet oral and pictorial culture (1917-1991)
Beskrovnaya T.V., Shakurova M.V. Transformation of the family image as a subject of upbringing in Soviet oral and pictorial culture (1917-1991). Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2023, vol. 29, № 2, pp. 18-25. https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2023-29-2-18-25
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2023-29-2-18-25
УДК: 37.018.1:73
Publish date: 2023-04-15
Annotation: The article actualizes development concepts of the family image as a subject of upbringing in Soviet oral and pictorial culture. The purpose of this article is to trace the transformation of Soviet family image in specific historical conditions and to present the correlation between the domination of the maternal or paternal image and the educational effect of family in general - via analysis of works of Soviet art in 1917-1991. Research design: The author uses to trace transformation of the family image as a subject of upbringing in Soviet oral and pictorial culture such methods as literature analysis, synthesis, association method, comparative historical analysis. The conclusion dwells upon the idealization and even hypertrophy of the family image presented in Soviet oral and pictorial culture - which is premised on the necessity of the family image to be aligned with main ideological guidelines consistent for the particular history period. Nevertheless, the main distinctive feature of Soviet family is its educational impact, traditionalism, stability, aspiration for bright new future. Distinctness of the image of Soviet family, existing in the realm of ideological principles, is defined in Soviet oral and pictorial culture. Art, while forming in Soviet mass consciousness the family image specified by ideology, could come through the strict censorship and reveal the real family life. It is art that makes it possible to see and appraise in objective way the educational role of Soviet family in communist society.
Keywords: family image, family as a subject of upbringing, Soviet art
Literature list: Engel's F. Proiskhozhdenie sem'i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i gosudarstva: V sviazi s issledovaniiami L'iusa G. Morgana [The origin of the family, private property and the state: In connection with the research of Lewis G. Morgan]. Marks K., Engel's F. Izbrannye proizvedeniia [Marx K., Engels F. Selected works]: in 3 s. Vol. 3. Moscow., Politizdat Publ., 1986, 639 p. (In Russ.) Gritsai L.A. Sovetskie plakaty o roditel'skom vospitanii detei kak iavlenie kul'tury [Soviet posters about parental upbringing of children as a cultural phenomenon]. Kul'tura i obrazovanie [Culture and education], 2014, № 3. URL: http: vestnik-rzi.ru.2014.03.1413 (access date: 08.11.2022) (In Russ.) Kapterev P.F. O prirode detei. Izbrannoe [On the nature of children. Favorites], comp., intro. art. M.V. Boguslavsky, K.E. Sumnitelny. Moscow, Izd. dom “Karapuzˮ Publ., 2005. (In Russ.) Kharchev A.G. Sotsialisticheskaia revoliutsiia i sem'ia. Iz rukopisnogo naslediia [Socialist revolution and family. From the manuscript heritage]. URL: http: ecsocman.hse.ru,data,777,532,1216,010_Iz_rukopisnogo_naslediya.pdf. (access date: 08.11.2021). (In Russ.) Kukina E.M. Iskusstvo sovetskogo perioda. 1917-1991 gody [The Art of the Soviet period. 1917-1991]. URL: books-all.ru,book,391151-iskusstvo-sovetskogo-perioda-1917-1991-gody-stat-ya.html (access date: 07.11.2022) (In Russ.) Lebedeva L. Materinstvo i detstvo v sovetskom placate [Motherhood and childhood in the Soviet poster]. URL: www.plakaty.ru,remarks?rem_id=11(access date: 07.11.2022) (In Russ.) Leiderman N.L., Lipovetskii M.N. Sovremennaia russkaia literatura: 1950-1990-e gody: posobie dlia stud. vyssh. ucheb. zavedenii: v 2 t. [Modern Russian literature: 1950-1990-ies: manual for students of higher education. institutions]: in 2 vols. Moscow, Izdatel'skii tsentr «Akademiia» Publ., 2003. Vol. 1. 412 p.; vol. 2. 684 p. (In Russ.) Prishvin M.M. Sobranie sochinenii: v 8 t. V. 8. Dnevniki, 1905–1954 [Collected works: in 8 vols. Vol. 8: Diaries, 1905–1954]; comp., podgot., text and comment. T. Bednyakova. Moscow, Fiction Publ., 1986, vol. 8, 759 p. (In Russ.) Sidorova G.P. Materinstvo i ottsovstvo v sovetskoi kul'ture 1960-1980-kh: khudozhestvennye obrazy i vospominaniia [Motherhood and Fatherhood in Soviet Culture of the 1960s-1980s: Artistic Images and Memories]. Kul'tura i iskusstvo [Culture and Art], 2016, vol. 6, pp. 819-825. (In Russ.) Tolstaia T.N. Na zolotom kryl'tse sideli… [They sat on the golden porch...], after. A. Mikhailova. Moscow, Mol. gvardiia Publ., 1987, 191 p. (In Russ.) Ulitskaia L. Prinimaiu vse, chto daetsia: interv'iu [I accept everything that is given: an interview]. Voprosy literatury [Questions of Literature.], 2000, vol. 1, pp. 215-237. (In Russ.) Tsetkin Klara. Vospominaniia o Lenine [Memories of Lenin]. Moscow, 1955, 72 p. (In Russ.) Varshavskii A. «Il'ia Repin razoblachaet tserkovnikov» [“Ilya Repin exposes churchmenˮ]. Sem'ia i shkola [Family and school], 1960, vol. 2, pp. 33-34. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Tat’yana V. Beskrovnaya, Voronezh State Pedagogical University, Voronezh, Russia, beskrovnaya.t@bk.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2524-4613
Co-author's info: Marina V. Shakurova, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Voronezh State Pedagogical University, Voronezh, Russia, shakurova@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4757-8750