- Larisa N. Danilova
- Yaroslavl State Pedagogical University
- Psychological and pedagogical profile of the alpha generation
- Danilova L.N. Psychological and pedagogical profile of the alpha generation. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2022, vol. 28, № 4, pp. 5-12. https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2022-28-4-5-12
- Publish date:
In recent years, pedagogy has been widely promoting studying of needs, interests, values and capabilities of generation Z – the age group born at the turn of the millennium. The connection of their life with information and communication technologies explained the need of the educational system to reckon with this cohort’s traits for optimizing pedagogical processes. However, since 2010, foreign sociologists have been observing a new generation, the so-called Alpha, whose characteristics are a little different from Z, due to the even greater influence of digitalization; in fact, from birth. These are children who attend kindergartens and primary schools today. In 7 years, they will begin to enter professional training system, but one still has no clear ideas in education about the traits of the new cohort. This article strives to characterizing Alpha’s specifics. For that, we studied relevant literature in Russia and abroad, for several years had been observing two groups of children, and interviewed teachers for confirming or rejecting the characteristics of Alpha identified in empirical studies of previous years. As a result, it was found that, while such qualities as high creativity, leadership abilities, self-confidence, interests in various spheres of human activity are typical for the Alpha children, they are more than Z characterized with increased excitability, irascibility and egocentrism, which may affect the labor market formation in future.
generation theory, generational approach in pedagogics, generation Z, generation Alpha characteristics, digital technologies
- Literature list:
Radaev V.V. Millenialy na fone predshestvuyushchih pokolenij: empiricheskij analiz [Millennials against the background of previous generations: an empirical analysis]. Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological research], 2018, vol. 3, pp. 15-33. (In Russ.)
Shamis E., Nikonov E. Teoriya pokolenij. Neobyknovennyj Iks [The theory of generations. The extraordinary X]. Мoscow, Sуnergy Book, 2020, 192 p. (In Russ.)
69 % detej nachinayut pol'zovat'sya gadzhetami eshchyo v doshkol'nom vozraste [69 % of children start using gadgets at preschool age]. Hi-Tech.Mail.Ru, 18.06.2015 (In Russ.). https://hi-tech.mail.ru/news/ (access date: 15.09.2022)
Apaydin Ç., Kaya F. An analysis of the preschool teachers' views on Alpha Generation // European Journal of Education Studies, 2020, vol. 6, No. 11, рр. 123-141. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.2815.
Barkowitz D. 13 Things to know about the Alpha Generation. Adage, 2016, January 28, р. 1.
Becker H. Dynamics of cohort and generations research. Amsterdam, Thesis Publishers, 1992, 656 p.
Bencsik A., Horváth-Csikós G., Juhász T. Y and Z generations at workplaces. Journal of competitiveness, 2016, vol. 8, No. 3, рр. 90–106.
Bonchiș E. Generation Alpha. A great challenge for parents and teachers. G. Pânișoară (Ed.). Parenting from A to Z. 83 challenging themes for today’s parents. Iași, Polirom, 2022, рp. 125–131.
Carneir C.G. Study on the Alpha Generation and the reflections of its behavior in the organizational environment. Quest Journals Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Science, 2018, vol. 5, No. 6, рр. 9-19.
Carter C.M. The complete guide to Generation Alpha. The Children Of Millennials. Forbes, 21, December 2016, рр. 74-76.
Dimock M. Defining generations: Where Millennials end and Generation Z begins. Pew Research Center, January 17, 2019. URL: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/01/17/where-millennials-end-and-generation-z-begins/ (дата обращения: 17.09.2022).
Drugas М. Screenagers or “Screamagersˮ? Current perspectives on Generation Alpha. Psychological thought, 2022, vol. 15, No. 1, рр. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.37708/psyct.v15i1.732
Feiertag J., Berge Z.L. Training Generation N: How educators should approach the Net Generation. Education Training, 2008, vol. 50, No. 6, рр. 457-464.
Francis T., Hoefel F. ‘True Gen’: Generation Z and its implications for companies. Consumer Packaged Goods, 2018, vol. 1, No. 1, рp. 1–10.
Gen Alpha: Generation Infinite. Cassandra, 2022, July 11. URL: https://cassandra.co/ (дата обращения: 17.09.2022).
Generation ALPHA: Preparing for the future consumer. Wunderman Thompson Commerce, 2019. URL: https://gertkoot.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/wtc-generation-alpha-2019.pdf (дата обращения: 14.09.2022).
Jha A.K. Understanding Generation Alpha. OSF Preprints, 2020, June 20, рр. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/d2e8g
Mccrindle M., Fell A. Generation Alpha. London: Headline Publishing Group, 2021, 352 р.
Nagy Á., Kölcsey A. Generation Alpha: Marketing or science? Acta Educationis Generalis, 2017, vol. 7, No. 1, рр. 107-115. https://doi.org/10.1515/atd-2017-0007
Oblinger D., Oblinger J. Is it age or IT: First steps towards understanding the netgeneration. Educating the Net generation. Boulder, Educause, 2005, рp. 2.1–2.20.
Sladek S., Grabinger A., Gen Z. The first generation of the 21st century has arrived! Minnesota, YZ University, 2018, 16 р.
Strauss W., Howe N. Generations. New York, Harper Perennial, 1991, 318 p.
Tootell H., Freeman M., Freeman A. Generation Alpha at the intersection of technology, play and motivation, R.H. Sprague Jr. (Eds.). 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Waikoloa, 2014, рр. 82-90. https://doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2014.19
The future's bright: The future's Gen Alpha. Beano Studios, 2019, Jun 20. URL: beanobrain.com
Turk V. Understanding Generation Alpha. London, Hotwire Consulting, 2017. 21 р.
Williams A. Meet Alpha: The Next ‘Next Generation’. The New York Times, 2015, September 19, р. 9.
Woodman D. Generational change and intergenerational relationships in the context of the asset economy. Distinktion: Journal of Social Theory, 2022, vol. 23, No. 1, рр. 55-69. https://doi.org/10.1080/1600910X.2020.1752275
Ziatdinov R., Cilliers J. Generation Alpha: Understanding the next cohort of university students. European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2021, vol. 10, No. 3, рр. 783-789. https://doi.org/10.13187/ejced.2021.3.783
- Larisa N. Danilova, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Yaroslavl State Pedagogical University, Yaroslavl, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org, https://ORCID0000-0002-1272-401X