- Angelica N. Pronina
- Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy «Bunin Yelets State University»
- Lyubov N. Martynova
- Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy «Bunin Yelets State University»
- Identification of differences in the emotional sphere of modern preschoolers from full vs incomplete families
- Pronina A.N., Martynova L.N. Identification of differences in the emotional sphere of modern preschoolers from full vs incomplete families // Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics. 2021. vol. 27, № 3. pp. 106-117. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-3-106-117
- Publish date:
The article describes the importance of the development of the emotional sphere of modern preschool children from full versus incomplete families. Various points of view on this problem are considered. In order to identify the differences in the emotional sphere of modern preschool children from full and incomplete families, diagnostic methods necessary and significant for solving the tasks of our study were selected; the volume of the general aggregate sample determined, and independent samples of children as well as parents from either full or incomplete families were determined. The following diagnostic methods were chosen: the method of diagnosing the emotional sphere of the child (Lyudmila Strelkova), the projective game "Post office" (a modification of the test of Elwyn James Anthony and Eva Bene), methods of studying the emotional state (E.T. Dorofeyeva). So that we could determine the differences in the emotional sphere of preschool children from full and incomplete families, the method of mathematical statistics was used – the parametric Student's t-test calculated using IBM® SPSS® Statistics software platform. The presented results indicate lack of differences in the emotional sphere of modern preschool children from full and incomplete families, which is explained by the peculiarities of development of each of the children independently on the family composition. It is revealed that facial expressions and pantomimic are an expressive emotional component of psychophysiological nature. The verbalisation of the emotional state’s development features at various stages of preschool age is due to the pedagogic conditions of learning in the process of speech development; the graphic representation of emotions in older preschool children depends on the emotional experience, emotional activity of the particular child; unconsciousness of behaviour and natural sensitivity of children at the stage of older preschool age does take place.
emotional sphere, full families, single-parent families, preschool children, methods.
- Literature list:
Aleshina Iu.E. Individual'noe i semeinoe psikhologicheskoe konsul'tirovanie [Individual and family psychological counseling]. Moscow, Nezavisimaia firma «Klass» Publ., 1999. 208 p. (In Russ.).
Vliianie vnutrisemeinykh otnoshenii na formirovanie lichnosti rebenka [The influence of intra-family relations on the formation of a child's personality], L.S. Alekseeva, M.M. Plotnik, A.S. Spivakovskaia, V.I. Shirinskii. Moscow, TsBKTI Minsotszashchity naseleniia Rossiiskoi Federatsii Publ., 1995. vol. 1, 40 p. (In Russ.).
Vorontsova M.V., Dubrovskaia T.A. Sem'evedenie: uchebnoe posobie [Family studies]. Taganrog, Rossiiskii gos. sotsial'nyi un-t Publ., 2010. 234 p. (In Russ.)
Vygotskii L.S. Pedagogicheskaia psikhologiia [Educational psychology]. Moskow, Pedagogika-Press Publ., 2001. 536 p. (In Russ).
Gurko T.A. Teoreticheskie podkhody k izucheniiu sem'i: monografiia [Theoretical approaches to the study of the family: a monograph]. Moscow, Institut sotsiologii RAN Publ., 2016, 210 p. (In Russ.).
Druzhinin V.N. Psikhologiia sem'i [Family psychology]. Sankt-Peterburg, Piter Publ., 2006. 176 p. (In Russ.).
Evseenkova Iu.V., Portnova A.G. Sistema otnoshenii v diade «otets-rebenok» kak factor razvitiia lichnosti [The system of relations in the father-child dyad as a factor of personality development]. Semeinaia psikhologiia I semeinaia terapiia [Family psychology and family therapy]. 2003. № 4, pp. 30–47. (In Russ.).
Zaporozhets A.V. Voprosy psikhologii rebenka doshkol'nogo vozrasta: sbornik statei [Questions of psychology of a preschool child]; pod red. i A.V. Zaporozhtsa. Moskow, Mezhdunarodnyi obrazovatel'nyi I psikhologicheskii kolledzh Publ., 1995. 144 p. (In Russ.).
Zubova G.G. Rol' ottsa v sotsial'noi situatsii razvitiia rebenka – doshkol'nika [The role of the father in the social situation of the development of a preschool child]. Kak pomoch' rebenku voiti v sovremennyi mir? [How to help a child enter the modern world?]. Moscow, 2005. pp. 74–79. (In Russ.).
Kalina O.G. Kholmogorova A.B. Rol' ottsa v psikhicheskom razvitii rebenka [The role of the father in the child's mental development]. Moscow, Infra-M Publ., 2019. 112 p. (In Russ.).
Kulik L.A., Berestov N.K. Semeinoe vospitanie [Family education]. Moscow, 1990. 120 p. (In Russ.).
Lange N.N. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniia [Psychological research]. Zakon pertseptsii. Teoriiavo levogo vnimaniia [The law of perceptions. The theory of volitional attention is the law of perceptions. Theory of volitional attention.]. Odessa, Odesskii voennyi okrug Publ., 1893. 24 p. (In Russ.).
Lafren'e P. Emotsional'noe razvitie detei I podrostkov [Emotional development of children and adolescents], transl. Vasil'eva et al. Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Praim-Evroznaks Publ., 2004. 250 p. (In Russ.).
Listik E.M. Razvitie sposobnosti k raspoznavaniiu emotsii v starshem doshkol'nom vozraste: avtoref. dis. ... kand. psikhol. nauk [Development of the ability to recognize emotions in the older preschool age]. Mosсow, 2003. 24 p. (In Russ.).
Ovcharova R.V. Psikhologicheskoe soprovozhdenie roditel'stva [Psychological support of parenthood]. Mosсow, Institut Psikhoterapii Publ., 2003. 319 p. (In Russ)
Ostroukh I.G., Belgorodskii V.S., Kotovskaia M.G. Sovremennaia sem'ia. Novye tendentsii v vospitanii I obrazovanii: monografiia [Modern family. New trends in upbringing and education: monograph]. Mosсow, MGUDT Publ., 2006, 120 p. (In Russ.).
Prokof'eva L.M., Valetas M.F. Ottsy i ikh deti posle razvoda [Fathers and their children after divorce]. Sotsis, 2002. № 6, pp. 111–116. (In Russ.).
Strelkova L.P. Razvitie emotsii doshkol'nikov. Zaniatiia. Igry [The development of emotions of preschoolers. Lessons. Games]. Mosсow, 1999, 54 p. (In Russ.).
Tumanova E.V., Filippova E.V. Obraz ottsa i obraz sebia u podrostkov [The image of the father and the image of oneself in adolescents]. Psikhologicheskaia nauka iobrazovanie [Psychological science and education]. 2007. № 2, pp. 22–26. (In Russ.).
Filippova E.V. Detskaia I. Podrostkovaia psikhoterapiia: uchebnik dlia bakalavriata I magistratury [Child and adolescent psychotherapy: a textbook for bachelor's and master's degrees]. Mosсow, Iurait Publ., 2016, 430 p. (In Russ).
- Angelica N. Pronina, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Doctor of Pedagogic Sciences, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy «Bunin Yelets State University», Yelets, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5454-9830
- Lyubov N. Martynova, Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy «Bunin Yelets State University», Yelets, Russia, email@example.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4049-5258