Angelica N. Pronina
Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy «Bunin Yelets State University»
Lyubov N. Martynova
Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy «Bunin Yelets State University»
Identification of differences in the emotional sphere of modern preschoolers from full vs incomplete families
Pronina A.N., Martynova L.N. Identification of differences in the emotional sphere of modern preschoolers from full vs incomplete families // Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics. 2021. vol. 27, № 3. pp. 106-117. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-3-106-117
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-3-106-117
УДК: 373.2
Publish date: 2021-08-14
Annotation: The article describes the importance of the development of the emotional sphere of modern preschool children from full versus incomplete families. Various points of view on this problem are considered. In order to identify the differences in the emotional sphere of modern preschool children from full and incomplete families, diagnostic methods necessary and significant for solving the tasks of our study were selected; the volume of the general aggregate sample determined, and independent samples of children as well as parents from either full or incomplete families were determined. The following diagnostic methods were chosen: the method of diagnosing the emotional sphere of the child (Lyudmila Strelkova), the projective game "Post office" (a modification of the test of Elwyn James Anthony and Eva Bene), methods of studying the emotional state (E.T. Dorofeyeva). So that we could determine the differences in the emotional sphere of preschool children from full and incomplete families, the method of mathematical statistics was used – the parametric Student's t-test calculated using IBM® SPSS® Statistics software platform. The presented results indicate lack of differences in the emotional sphere of modern preschool children from full and incomplete families, which is explained by the peculiarities of development of each of the children independently on the family composition. It is revealed that facial expressions and pantomimic are an expressive emotional component of psychophysiological nature. The verbalisation of the emotional state’s development features at various stages of preschool age is due to the pedagogic conditions of learning in the process of speech development; the graphic representation of emotions in older preschool children depends on the emotional experience, emotional activity of the particular child; unconsciousness of behaviour and natural sensitivity of children at the stage of older preschool age does take place.
Keywords: emotional sphere, full families, single-parent families, preschool children, methods.
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Author's info: Angelica N. Pronina, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Doctor of Pedagogic Sciences, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy «Bunin Yelets State University», Yelets, Russia, antipi-elena@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5454-9830
Co-author's info: Lyubov N. Martynova, Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy «Bunin Yelets State University», Yelets, Russia, pipdosh@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4049-5258