Mariya V. Saporovskaya
Kostroma State University
Olga A. Ekimchik
Kostroma State University
Tatyana P. Opekina
Kostroma State University
Close relationship: a theoretical survey of research and conceptualisation of the model
Saporovskaya M.V., Ekimchik O.A., Opekina T.P. Close relationship: a theoretical survey of research and conceptualisation of the model. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2021, vol. 27, № 4, pp. 144-154. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-4-144-154
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-4-144-154
УДК: 159.9:316.6
Publish date: 2021-11-05
Annotation: The article presents a conceptual model of close relationships. Close relationships are a specific and multicomponent phenomenon in the living space of modernity. On the basis of the analysis of sources and rethinking of the data obtained earlier, close relationships are considered as a type of interpersonal relations. It is a meaningful, selective relationship of people aimed at satisfying their need for love and belonging, based on affiliative feelings and attachment. Closeness in relationships is defined as a structural property of the dyad, including the strength, frequency, psychological distance, the variety of interrelationships that exist between people. It is noted that close relationships are set by social roles. Reciprocal roles, for example, parent and child, husband and wife set the initial belonging of these relationships to the category of close, but do not guarantee the presence in them of intimacy as a qualitative characteristic. The invariant (partners' attachment to each other, emotional experiences, psychological distance; value-semantic unity; involvement) categorical attributes of close relationships were identified. The variation signs characterising their main types (romantic, marital, friendship, love, kinship) are described. It is noted that the dynamics conditioned by the totality of factors determines the variety of close relationships – dysfunctional and functional. We understood the limitations and prospects for further developments in this area.
Keywords: close relationships, intimacy, affection, relationship dynamics, relationship typology, relationship stresses, “new” functionality or dysfunctionality
Funding and acknowledgments: The study was carried out with the financial support of the State Task FZEW-2020-0005
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Author's info: Mariya V. Saporovskaya, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, mv_saporovskaya@ksu.edu.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0852-1949
Co-author's info: Olga A. Ekimchik, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6527-0210
Co-author's info: Tatyana P. Opekina, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, grigorova.t90@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3373-8269