Daria А. Nikitina
Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
External and internal orientation of personality of patient with a severe somatic disease
Nikitina D.A. External and internal orientation of personality of patient with a severe somatic disease. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2021, vol. 27, № 1, pp. 120-125 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-1-120-125
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-1-120-125
УДК: 159.942
Publish date: 2021-02-12
Annotation: This article reveals the features of externality-internality in the context of experiencing a high-intensity stressor making a diagnosis that is associated with a threat to life. Part of the results of a comprehensive research project aimed at studying people diagnosed with meningioma (n = 64, from 30 to 70 years of age, Me = 54) is presented. All respondents signed an informed consent form before starting the study. Methods: Freiburg Personality Inventory, World Assumptions Scale, Impact of Event Scale. We used median analysis, K-means method, Kruskal-Wallis H test, Mann-Whitney U test (p < 0.05). The results show that in a difficult life situation associated with the diagnosis of meningioma, people with an external orientation, sociable and socially courageous, have low rates of posttraumatic stress and are characterised by a high degree of self-regulation, control, positive self-acceptance and a focus on justice, which is not typical for people who are shy, unsociable, and prone to an internal orientation. Ambivalent style, which includes different communication strategies, is typical for people with moderate rates of psychotraumatisation, lower self-regulation and self-rejection.
Keywords: post-traumatic stress, personal resources, coping with high-intensity stress, basic beliefs, life-threatening disease, meningioma
Funding and acknowledgments: This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 18-013-00324
Literature list: Burkin M.M., Hjanikjajnen I.V. Skrining psihosocial'nyh harakteristik u bol'nyh s sosudistymi zabolevanijami golovnogo mozga [Screening of psychosocial characteristics in patients with vascular diseases of the brain]. Petrozavodsk, PetrGU Publ., 2017, 131 p. (In Russ.) Kruglikova A.V. Chastota vstrechaemosti opuholej golovnogo mozga u ljudej razlichnogo vozrasta [Frequency of occurrence of brain tumors in people of different ages]. Problemy i perspektivy razvitija sovremennoj mediciny [Problems and prospects of modern medicine development]. Gomel, GomGMU Publ., 2019, vol. 6, pp. 211–213. (In Russ.) Padun M.A., Kotel'nikova A.V. Metodika issledovanija bazisnyh ubezhdenij lichnosti [Methodology for the study of basic beliefs of the individual]. Moscow, Institut psihologii RAN Publ., 2007, 23 p. (In Russ.) Sizova Ja.N., Ciring D.A. Osobennosti sovladajushhego povedenija bol'nyh zlokachestvennymi novoobrazovanijami: obzor psihologicheskih issledovanij [Features of coping behavior of patients with malignant neoplasms: review of psychological research]. Psihologija stressa i sovladajushhego povedenija: vyzovy, resursy, blagopoluchie [Psychology of stress and coping behavior: challenges, resources, well-being], 2019, pp. 244–247. (In Russ.) Tarasevich A.B., Bar'jash V.V., Ob'edkov V.G. Psihoonkologija na sovremennom jetape razvitija [Psycho-oncology at the present stage of development]. Medicinskij zhurnal [Medical journal], 2020, № 3, pp. 27–30. (In Russ.) Tarabrina N.V. Praktikum po psihologii posttravmaticheskogo stressa [Practicum on psychology of posttraumatic stress]. Saint Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2001, pp. 146–181. (In Russ.) Teoreticheskie i prikladnye voprosy psihologii. Chast' II Prikladnye problemy psihologii [Theoretical and applied issues of psychology. Part II Applied problems of psychology], ed. by A.A. Krylova. Saint Petersburg, Izd-vo S.-Peterburgskogo un-ta Publ., 1995. (In Russ.) Harlamenkova N.E., Nikitina D.A., Zajcev O.S., Kormilicyna A.N. Jemocional'no-lichnostnye osobennosti pacientov s diagnozom meningioma pri vyrazhennom posttravmaticheskom stresse [Emotional and personal characteristics of patients diagnosed with meningioma with severe post-traumatic stress]. Klinicheskaja i special'naja psihologija [Clinical and special psychology], 2018, vol. 7, № 4. pp. 150–167. (In Russ.) Cherebillo V.Ju., Kurnuhina M.Ju. Issledovanie kachestva zhizni bol'nyh s meningiomoj golovnogo mozga v do i posleoperacionnom periodah [Study of the quality of life of patients with meningioma of the brain in the pre-and postoperative periods ]. Uchenye zapiski SPbGMU im. I.P. Pavlova [Scientific notes of SPbGMU named after I.P. Pavlov], 2019, vol. 26, № 3, pp. 64–69. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Daria А. Nikitina, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, d.a.nikitina@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6695-1851