Sergei A. Kornev
Ivanovo State University
Trust as a leading socio-psychological relationship in the experience of existential given
Kornev S.A. Trust as a leading socio-psychological relationship in the experience of existential given. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2021, vol. 27, № 1, pp. 40–45 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-1-40-45
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-1-40-45
УДК: 159.9:316
Publish date: 2021-02-27
Annotation: The understanding of the value of human life and responsibility for everything that happens or can happen to a person is analysed in the article; ways of overcoming alienation and loneliness and building trust in oneself, in the world and in others are identified. A theoretical overview, where the connectivity of existential givens is traced, is presented; in works of psychology, we however do not find scientific-psychological and statistical substantiation of these connections, which were outlined as long ago as at the time of existentialist philosophers. The results of empirical research are obtained by using the following methods – the study of personal trust or distrust in the world, in other people, in oneself by Alla Kupreychenko; Milton Rokeach Value Survey; Multidimensional diagnostic of "responsibility" RESPONSIBILITY-70; Dmitriy Leont'yev’s Meaningful Orientations Test; "Death Attitude" questionnaire by Paul T. P. Wong; Kseniya Chistopol'skaya’s adaptation of the "Fear of Personal Death" questionnaire, Yevgeniy Osin & Dmitriy Leont'yev’s differential questionnaire on the experience of loneliness. 80 people between the ages of 18 and 61 took part in the study. Of these, 54 % were females and 46 %, males. 51 % of the respondents have a family; 49 %, do not; 50 % of the respondents have a higher education. It is established that the level of understanding life, accepting responsibility, loneliness and its consequences are largely determined by the individual's trust in oneself, in others and in the world as a whole; the "optimal measure" of trust allows a person to accept existential given and cope with the feeling of meaninglessness of existence and the fear of death; what becomes the logical continuation of the search and finding meaning in life and the struggle with existential crisis is the attitude towards death, which includes analysis of the reasons for fear.
Keywords: meaning of life, fear of death, responsibility, trust, identity, loneliness, collective subject, attitude, experience, values, interpersonal and intergroup interaction, existential given, social system
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Author's info: Sergei A. Kornev, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Ivanovo State University, Ivanovo, Russia, kornevbox@mail.ru https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0592-4718