Maria V. Bychkova
Research Laboratory for Problems of Social Support of the Personality of the Institute of Pedagogy
Forgiveness as a socio-psychological phenomenon
Bychkova M.V. Forgiveness as a socio-psychological phenomenon. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2021, vol. 27, № 1, pp. 32–39 (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-1-32-39
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2021-27-1-32-39
УДК: 159.9:316
Publish date: 2021-02-27
Annotation: The article presents a detailed substantiation of topicality of studying the traditional pre-revolutionary and modern humanistic understanding of the socio-psychological phenomenon of “forgiveness”. The semantic, etymological, historical content of the process of formation of this concept is revealed. Moreover, important pedagogic aspects of its application in modern practice of spiritual and moral upbringing in Russian education are indicated. This article presents the results of an extensive analysis of religious, philosophical and scientific primary sources, revealing in different ways the semantic, pedagogical and psychological content of the concept of “forgivenessˮ in both Russian and foreign thinkers’ opinion. The author considers in detail the theoretical and practical aspects of the humanistic understanding of the phenomenon of “forgivenessˮ, she presented in the guidelines for the pedagogic programme of socio-emotional ethical education (SEEL).The article also analysed the differences in the understanding of “forgivenessˮ as a socio-psychological phenomenon in the works of Russian thinkers and Western scientists, who interpret this concept from different positions: altruistic and egocentric. The author points out that the moral upbringing of a person who can unselfishly forgive and love is possible only on condition of mastering real examples of such behaviour in a socially significant environment of the child. The author emphasises that the non-directive methods of modern upbringing, as a rule, do not contribute to the formation of the spiritual and moral sphere of the child's personality.
Keywords: forgiveness, internal and external conflicts, resentment, education, upbringing, humanism, Orthodox Christianity
Funding and acknowledgments: This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 20-013-00875
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Author's info: Maria V. Bychkova, Research Laboratory for Problems of Social Support of the Personality of the Institute of Pedagogy, Herzen Russian State Pedagogic University, St. Petersburg, Russia, bychkova81@mail.ru