Tatyana V. Kapustina
Pacific State Medical University
Anastasiya S. Elzesser
Pacific State Medical University
Ekaterina V. Kondrateva
Pacific State Medical University
Attitude towards disease and death in patients with drug addiction
Kapustina T.V., Elzesser A.S., Kondrateva E.V. Attitude towards death and disease in patients with drug addiction. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2020, vol. 26, № 3, pp. 79-86 (In Russ.). DOI https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-3-79-86
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-3-79-86
УДК: 159.9:616
Publish date: 2020-05-13
Annotation: The characteristic difficulties in healing and relapse periods determine the need to study the psychological traits in patients with drug addiction. Studies of drug addicts' attitude to disease and death show how much they are aware of the seriousness of their illness and are ready for the rehabilitation process. The purpose of this study is to describe the attitude to disease and death, viewed from the component model a point of view, in patients with drug addiction. The authors compared 47 drug-dependent men (24-45 years old) undergoing rehabilitation to 45 conditionally healthy men (22-46 years old). Questionnaire, testing, associative experiment methods and statistical analysis methods (Mann–Whitney U test, angular transformation test named after Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher, content analysis) were used in the work to process the results. The obtained results allowed to describe the attitude to disease and death at the level of thoughts and judgements (cognitive), emotions and feelings (emotional), actions (behavioural). Based on the results, conclusions were drawn about the activity of psychological defences associated with fear of death due to addiction, poor motivation to seek help with the intensity of experience in relation to one's dependence and ease of returning to it because of these experiences observed in most of the subjects. Thus, the study outlines a peculiar vicious circle with the target of psychotherapeutic work.
Keywords: attitude, attitude towards disease, attitude towards death, drug addiction, component model, cognitive component, emotional component, behavioural component.
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Author's info: Kapustina Tatyana Viktorovna, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9833-8963, PhD in Psychology, Lecturer at Pacific State Medical University, Vladivostok, Russia. E-mail: 12_archetypesplus@mail.ru
Co-author's info: Elzesser Anastasiya Sergeevna, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3833-0502, Lecturer at Pacific State Medical University, Vladivostok, Russia. E-mail: der_falter@mail.ru
Co-author's info: Kondrateva Ekaterina Vadimovna, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4662-1967, Lecturer at Pacific State Medical University, Vladivostok, Russia. E-mail: ekaterina_kondrateva_2012@mail.ru