Lyudmila A. Khrisanfova
Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis
The contribution of the driving forces in a person to the structure of motives in males and females
Khrisanfova L.A. The contribution of the driving forces in a person to the structure of motives in males and females. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2020, vol. 26, № 3, pp. 47-53 (In Russ.). DOI https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-3-47-53
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-3-47-53
УДК: 159.923
Publish date: 2020-08-03
Annotation: The work studied the participation of the driving forces in a person, some emotional characteristics and personality qualities in the structure of motives. Hypothesis: the driving forces in a person group certain motives, emotional and personal qualities around them. Grouping is influenced by the gender of the subject. Methods: portrait election method (Lyudmila Sobchik), method of colour metaphors (Igor’ Solomin), Max Lüscher's colour test, Manifest Anxiety Scale of Janet Allison Taylor Spence, “Five-factor personality questionnaireˮ, cluster analysis. Subjects include 203 males and 156 females. It was found that the “need for recognition and approval” is combined into one group with motives of social significance. Males and females have similar motivational formations in this case, but differ in implementation in specific motives. Women have a group of “personal and interpersonal significanceˮ based on “an actualised need for personal loveˮ. There is a combination with demonstrative behaviour, with motives of personal and interpersonal significance, with an energetic attitude towards activity. Personal motives of males “dissolve” in social significance, anxiety in males is also associated with motives of social significance. “Tendency to depressive states, emotional instabilityˮ of females is combined with motives reflecting negative events and stages of life, values and needs for self-affirmation. “Excitabilityˮ with the manifestation of socialised rough affects of females is accompanied by the significance of the power motive and the figure of the father. The “tendency to demonstrative behaviourˮ of males is grouped with the influence of socially significant people, negative events and stages of life, values and needs for self-affirmation.
Keywords: driving forces in person, motives, emotional characteristics
Funding and acknowledgments: This research was supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant 18-013-00828 “Individual Psychological Predictors of Detecting Emotion-like Objects in Micro-intervals of Time”
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Author's info: Lyudmila A. Khrisanfova, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6697-7939, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Chair of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: l.hri@mail.ru