- Margarita B. Osipova
- Kostroma State University
- Anna G. Samokhvalova
- Kostroma State University
- Psychological and acmeological conditions for the development of cognitive resources in older preschool children to overcome communicative difficulties
- Osipova M.B., Samokhvalova A.G. Psychological and acmeological conditions for the development of cognitive resources in older preschool children to overcome communicative difficulties. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2020, vol. 26, № 2, pp. 79-85 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-2-79-85
- Publish date:
The article actualises the problem of the development of cognitive resources of the personality of a child of a senior preschool age as a factor in constructive overcoming variative communicative difficulties; psychological and acmeological conditions necessary for the development of cognitive resources of preschool children are considered. Using a set of diagnostic methods, the levels of communicative development of preschoolers were identified, communicative difficulties typical of situations of communication with peers and adults were determined. It is concluded that in older preschool age, contentive and reflective communicative difficulties most often arise due to a lack of knowledge, inability to plan, structure, rebuild and analyse their own communicative actions. In addition, often the child alone cannot overcome the difficulties arising in communication due to the limited supply of cognitive resources that allow it to analyse and constructively solve the difficult task of interpersonal interaction. The authors’ programme aimed at implementing the psychological and acmeological conditions for the development of cognitive resources and the communicative competency of preschool children is presented. The effectiveness of the implementation of this programme is confirmed statistically. In conclusion, the authors conclude that it is necessary to purposefully develop the prerequisites for universal learning actions in older preschool children; the organisation of systematic psychological work with parents aimed at teaching them methods and methods for developing children's cognitive abilities and facilitating overcoming communicative difficulties; the development of subjective qualities of preschoolers and subject-subject relations with peers and adults.
senior preschooler, communication, communicative difficulties, overcoming, cognitive resources, universal learning actions, subjective qualities, subject-subject relations.
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- Margarita B. Osipova, postgraduate student, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia E-mail: email@example.com
- Anna G. Samokhvalova, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org