Aleksandra A. Buzina
Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Insult as a highly traumatic situation for a personality
Buzina A.A. Insult as a highly traumatic situation for a personality. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2020, vol. 26, № 2, pp. 63-67 (In Russ.). DOI 10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-2-63-67
DOI: 10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-2-63-67
УДК: 159.9.072
Publish date: 2020-03-08
Annotation: The article presents the results of a theoretical study dedicated to situation of insult that causes serious consequences for the human psyche. Insult is a negative impact of an emotional nature that degrades a person. In the scholarly literature it is considered to be a premeditated, intentional, purposeful type of emotional abuse. Insult is of latent nature; it does not result in actual physical insult for the victim’s body, but often precedes or accompanies other forms of abuse (physical, sexual). This feature of insult complicates the study of this phenomenon significantly. Insult is a stressor of high intensity; it threats the psychological well-being and integrity of a personality. Humiliation, especially systematic, affects a person’s self-esteem negatively, contributes to its victimisation and social isolation. The main characteristics of the insult such as anthropogenicity, activity, awareness, contextual dependence are given. This article presents analysis of differences of the insult from the other, passive, and sometimes unconscious by the aggressor type of emotional abuse – from neglect. Features of experiencing of insult by people of different ages and in various relationships (parent-child, partner, professional) are noted. Particular attention is paid to the study of the psychological consequences of insult, including posttraumatic stress, some mental disorders and significant damage to a person’s self-esteem, his self-image.
Keywords: insult, emotional abuse, stressors of high intensity, traumatic events, psychological consequences of insult, posttraumatic stress.
Funding and acknowledgments: This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 19-013-00011A
Literature list: Kusov G.V. Diagnostika kvalifitsiruiushchego priznaka «Neprilichnaia forma» v sudebnoi lingvisticheskoi ekspertize [Diagnosing the indicators of indecency in linguistic expressions in forensic examination]. Kul'tura i tekst [Culture and text]. URL: https://uni-altai.ru/ct/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/%D0%BA%D1%83%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%B220131.pdf (data obrashcheniia: 28.01.2020). (In Russ.) Ozhegov S.I., Shvedova N.Iu. Tolkovyi slovar' russkogo iazyka: 80 000 slov i frazeologicheskikh vyrazhenii [Defining Dictionary of the Russian Language: 80,000 words and phraseological expressions], 4-e izd., dop. Moscow, A TEMP Publ., 2006, 944 p. (In Russ.) Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po psikhologii posttravmaticheskogo stressa. Ch. 1. Teoriia i metody [Practical guide to the psychology of post-traumatic stress. Part 1. Theory and methods], N.V. Tarabrina, V.A. Agarkov, Iu.V. Bykhovets and etc. Moscow, Kogito-tsentr Publ., 2007, 208 p. (In Russ.) Sidorova I.V. Oskorblenie kak raznovidnost' psikhicheskogo nasiliia [Insult as a kind of psychic violence]. Psikhopedagogika v pravookhranitel'nykh organakh [Psychopedagogics in law enforcement], 2017, № 1 (68), pp. 28–32. (In Russ.) Tarabrina N.V., Kharlamenkova N.E., Bykhovets Iu.V. i dr. Posttravmaticheskii stress i kartina travmaticheskikh sobytii v raznye periody vzroslosti [Post-traumatic stress and the traumatic events in different periods of adulthood]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2016, v. 37, № 6, pp. 94–108. (In Russ.) Kharlamenkova N.E. Intensivnost' posttravmaticheskogo stressa kak otsrochennoi reaktsii na travmaticheskie sobytiia v raznye periody vzroslosti [The intensity of post-traumatic stress as the delayed reaction on the traumatic events in different periods of adulthood]. Chelovek. Soobshchestvo. Upravlenie [Human. Community. Management], 2016a, v. 17, № 1, pp. 42–56. (In Russ.) Kharlamenkova N.E. Emotsional'noe oskorblenie i prenebrezhenie i ego psikhologicheskie posledstviia dlia lichnosti v raznye periody vzroslosti [[Emotional abuse and neglect and its psychological consequences for personality in different periods of adulthood]. Psikhologiia povsednevnogo i travmaticheskogo stressa: ugrozy, posledstviia i sovladanie [Psychology of everyday and traumatic stress: threats, consequences, coping], ed. by A.L. Zhuravlev, E.A. Sergienko N.V. Tarabrina, N.E. Kharlamenkova. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2016b, pp. 193–214. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Aleksandra A. Buzina, ORCID 0000-0001-8114-1443, post-graduate student, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia E-mail: super-alex@mail.ru