Inna I. Mel’nikova
Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University
Svetlana S. Yelifant’yeva
Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University
Cross-disciplinary integration – an effective means of improving quality of preparation for primary education professionals
Mel’nikova I.I., Yelifant’yeva S.S. Cross-disciplinary integration: an effective means of improving quality of preparation for primary education professionals. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2020, vol. 26, № 1, pp. 145-150 (In Russ). DOI 10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-1-145-150
DOI: 10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-1-145-150
УДК: 371.3
Publish date: 2019-12-20
Annotation: The article focuses on the tools and methods of cross-disciplinary integration as a part of the professional education of primary schools teachers. According to the Federal Standards of High Education, primary school teachers must be able to ensure students’ progress in nine or ten subjects, which requires expertise in several non-closely connected subject areas. Currently each of these areas is studied separately, while reasonable integration would allow for more systematic knowledge. University lecturers and professors normally prefer to merge the subject areas with the methods of teaching these subjects, but rarely use the existing tools for exploring connections between science and humanities. Cross-disciplinary tasks are the most effective tool of such exploration. Hence, in this article the authors provide the definition of the cross-disciplinary tasks, its goals and purposes, methodological requirements for such tasks, and analyse their own experience of implementation such tasks in a university setting. The article provides examples of cross-disciplinary tasks the authors used in their Russian language and Mathematics courses, taught in 2018-2019 academic year in Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University. The tasks are applicable while studying the following topics – Theory of Sets, Theory of Combinations, Mathematical Logics, Algebra, as well as Phonetics, Phonology and Calligraphy. The authors found that the implementation of the tasks increased students’ motivation and helped establish connection between the two disciplines, while also enhancing the understanding of both subject areas. Based in these results, authors propose using such tasks as a form of the final examination for the academic module "Subject Areas and Methods of Teaching" at higher education institutions offering degrees in Primary Education degrees.
Keywords: cross-disciplinary integration, interdisciplinary integration, teacher education, pedagogy, cross-disciplinary tasks, professional education
Literature list: Bikchentaeva R.R, Khaliullin M.I. Vliianie mezhpredmetnykh sviazei na formirovanie kompetentsii budushchikh spetsialistov [The influence of intersubject communications on the formation of competencies of future specialists]. Izvestiia Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta [News of Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering], 2013, № 3 (25), pp. 154–159. (In Russ.) Elifant'eva S.S., Pizov A.V. Povyshenie kachestva estestvenno-matematicheskoi podgotovki budushchikh uchitelei nachal'nykh klassov na osnove resheniia mezhpredmetnykh zadach [Improvement of future primary school teachers' natural and mathematical training quality on the basis of solution of intersubject sums]. Iaroslavskii pedagogicheskii vestnik [Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin], 2017, № 3, pp. 117–120. (In Russ.) Elifant'eva S.S., Iastrebov A.V. Metodiko-matematicheskie zadaniia kak sredstvo povysheniia kachestva professional'noi podgotovki budushchikh uchitelei [Methodical-mathematical tasks as a means to improve quality of future teachers' professional training]. Iaroslavskii pedagogicheskii vestnik [Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin], 2017, № 2, pp. 109–113. (In Russ.) Zyrianova I.M., Toder G.B. Sistema zadach na osnove mezhpredmetnykh sviazei [The interdisciplinary task system]. Nauka i shkola [Science and school], 2010, № 5, pp. 63–66. (In Russ.) Integrativnyi podkhod v professional'noi podgotovke budushchego uchitelia nachal'nykh klassov [Integrative approach in professional training of primary school teachers]: kollektivnaia monografiia, pod nauch. red. I.V. Nalimovoi. Yaroslavl, RIO IaGPU Publ., 2018, 131 p. (In Russ.) Kuimova E.I., Kuimova K.A., Iachinova S.N. Mezhpredmetnye sviazi kak sredstvo povysheniia kachestva obucheniia v vysshei shkole [The intersubject communications as a means of improving of the quality of teaching in higher school education]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniia [Modern problems of science and education], 2015, № 2, pp. 506. (In Russ.) Mel'nikova I.I., Elifant'eva S.S. Metodika podgotovki uchitelia nachal'nykh klassov k konstruirovaniiu mezhpredmetnykh zadanii [Methods of preparing primary school teachers to construct cross-disciplinary tasks]. Gertsenovskie chteniia. Nachal'noe obrazovanie [Herzen readings. Elementary education], 2019, vol. 10, iss. 1, pp. 238–242. (In Russ.) Mel'nikova I.I. Problemy literaturnogo obrazovaniia mladshikh shkol'nikov [Literary studies in primary school]. Literaturnoe obrazovanie uchashchikhsia osnovnoi shkoly na sovremennom etape: kollektivnaia monografiia [Literary education of primary school students at the present stage]. Yaroslavl, 2015, pp. 19–30. (In Russ.) Milovanova G.I., Fomina S.N. Mezhpredmetnye sviazi v professional'noi podgotovke studentov v usloviiakh modernizatsii obrazovaniia [Intersubject communications in the professional training of students in the conditions of modernization of education]. TSITISE, 2015, № 1(1), pp. 28. (In Russ.) Prokof'eva O.N., Zaborina M.A. Mezhpredmetnye sviazi pedagogiki kak sredstvo sovershenstvovaniia podgotovki bakalavrov pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniia [Intersubject communications of pedagogy as a means of improving the training of bachelors of pedagogical education]. Sovremennye issledovaniia sotsial'nykh problem [Modern studies of social problems], 2018, vol. 9, № 4–2, pp. 106–113. (In Russ.) Farafonova I.V. Spetskurs "Mezhpredmetnye sviazi nachal'nogo kursa matematiki s drugimi uchebnymi predmetami' kak sredstvo uluchsheniia kachestva podgotovki uchitelia nachal'nykh klassov v usloviiakh perekhoda na novye obrazovatel'nye standarty [Special course “Interdisciplinary relations of the initial course of mathematics with other academic subjects” as a means of improving of the quality of training of primary school teachers in the transition to new educational standards]. Problemy i perspektivy razvitiia obrazovaniia v Rossii [Problems and prospects for the development of education in Russia], 2012, № 16, pp. 210–215. (In Russ.) Fedoseev V.I., Lekhanova M.A. Mezhpredmetnye sviazi – odno iz osnovnykh sredstv povysheniia professional'noi podgotovki spetsialistov [Interdisciplinary communication is one of the main means of improving of the professional training of specialists]. Sovremennye problemy tekhnicheskogo obrazovaniia: materialy XVII Vserossiiskoi nauchno-metodicheskoi konferentsii [Modern problems of technical education: materials of the XVII All-Russian scientific-methodological conference]. Yoshkar-Ola, Povolzhskii gosudarstvennyi tekhnologicheskii universitet Publ., 2017, pp. 105–107. (In Russ.) Khavronichev V.I. Mezhpredmetnye sviazi pri obuchenii v vuze [Inter-subject relations in higher education]. Nauchnaia mysl' [Scientific thought], 2014, № 4 (14), pp. 4–7. (In Russ.) Shkhapatseva M.Kh. Mezhpredmetnye i mezhurovnevye sviazi v lingvometodicheskoi podgotovke uchitelia nachal'nykh klassov [Intersubject and interlevel relations in the linguistic and methodological training of primary school teachers]. Vestnik Adygeiskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriia 3: Pedagogika i psikhologiia [Bulletin of the Adygea State University. Ser. 3: Pedagogy and psychology], 2007, № 3, pp. 184–190. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Inna I. Mel’nikova, ORCID 0000-0001-5391-6694, Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor, Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University, Yaroslavl, Russia. E-mail: in-na-mel@yandex.ru
Co-author's info: Svetlana S. Yelifant’yeva, ORCID 0000-0003-2369-8176, Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor, Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogic University, Yaroslavl, Russia. E-mail: s.elifanteva@yandex.ru