Anna A. Bekhter
Pacific National University
Typological features of the proactive coping behaviour of younger schoolchildren
Бехтер А.А. Типологические особенности проактивного совладающего поведения младших школьников // Вестник костромского государственного университета. Серия: Педагогика. Психология. Социокинетика. 2020. Т. 26, № 1. С. 124-129. DOI 10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-1-124-129
DOI: 10.34216/2073-1426-2020-26-1-124-129
УДК: 159.922.736.4
Publish date: 2020-02-06
Annotation: The article presents the results of an empirical study of proactive coping behaviour in primary school pupils. The problem of proactive coping behaviour in primary school age is considered, the basic personal properties and qualities associated with its development (forecasting, ontogenetic reflection, understanding of the categories of time) are determined. The question of the relationship of forecasting and understanding of a child’s temporal perspective (categories of past, present, future) from the point of view of the formation of ontogenesis of proactive coping is discussed. Positive correlations between the styles of proactive coping behaviours and the personality characteristics of the child (forecasting, reflection of past experience) are established. It has been established that in primary school age, proactive and reflective coping is almost formed, depending on the emotional support of significant adults and the amount of information support. The positive correlation between emotional support and age is particularly noted. Clustering of the research data allowed the author to identify and describe three types of proactive coping behaviour of children (preventive-reflective, negative-proactive, positive-proactive), which differ in their level of forecasting, reflect on past experience and the prevalence of a specific style of proactive coping.
Keywords: proactive coping behaviour, primary school pupils, forecasting, ontogenetic reflection
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Author's info: Anna A. Bekhter, ORCID 0000-0002-1017 558X, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, department of psychology, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk, Russia. E-mail: behter2004@mail.ru