Elena V. Skvortsova
Belgorod University of Cooperation, Economics and Law
Yulia V. Slobodchikova
MIREA – Russian Technological University
Psychological characteristics of adolescents' relationships with peers, taking into account the peculiarities of their family upbringing
Skvortsova E.V., Slobodchikova Y.V. Psychological characteristics of adolescents' relationships with peers, taking into account the peculiarities of their family upbringing. Vestnik of Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics. 2022. vol. 28, № 1. pp. 111-118. https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2022-28-1-111-118
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2073-1426-2022-28-1-111-118
УДК: 37.018.1:159.9
Publish date: 2022-03-15
Annotation: This article presents the results of a study of the relationship between the type of parent-child relationship and the characteristics of interpersonal relationships of adolescents with peers. The main aspects of the formation of the system of interpersonal relations in adolescence are described. In the study, the respondents included students of the Faculty of Secondary Vocational Education of the Autonomous non-profit organisation of higher education Belgorod University of Cooperation, Economics and Law, 50 people in total. The evaluation of the characteristics of interpersonal relationships of adolescents was carried out according to the results of the following methods – Timothy Leary's Interpersonal Behaviour Circle and the “Comprehensive methodology for assessing social behaviour (competence)ˮ developed at the Centre for Sociology of Education of the Russian Academy of Education by Daniil Khlomov, Sergey Baklushinskiy, Ol’ga Kaz’mina, thereby identifying a group of adolescents with extremely distinct results of the qualitative assessment of interpersonal relations. This group of adolescents have interpersonal relationship difficulties, there are signs of ill adaptivity of interpersonal (social) behaviour. The features of educational strategies in adolescent families were studied using the questionnaire on parental attitude towards children – “mirrorˮ for Analysis of family relationships (Edmond Eydemiller, Viktoras Justickis) and the Parent-Child Interaction Questionnaire (Irina Markovskaya). Data processing statistical methods used include Student's t-test, Kruskal–Wallis H test, cluster analysis using SPSS. In the course of the work, four types of family upbringing were identified and described, with possibility to detect in each type the disfunction signs’ characteristic in the interpersonal relations system. The results indicate partial confirmation of the hypothesis about a correlation between various aspects of interpersonal relationships of adolescents and types of family upbringing.
Keywords: interpersonal relationships, family upbringing style, adolescence.
Funding and acknowledgments: This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 19-013-00085
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Author's info: Elena V. Skvortsova, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Belgorod University of Cooperation, Economics and Law, Belgorod, Russia, skvorcova.ev2012@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1932-3443
Co-author's info: Yulia V. Slobodchikova, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, MIREA – Russian Technological University, Moscow, Russia, uvs-1601@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1257-0284